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China: Between Opening up Its Financial Sector and Holding on to Its Key Economic Sectors

Until recently, foreign companies had been restricted from autonomously and freely operating in the Chinese market due to the strict requirement by China’s government for full Chinese ownership and leadership in the country’s key economic sectors: telecommunications, railways, finance, aerospace among others. For foreign companies that operate in one of these sectors, partnering with Chinese state-owned enterprises had always been compulsory, as they dominate these key sectors. A partnership between private Chinese and foreign companies also exits and is often motivated by learning, combining available funds and expertise to develop individual or joint projects, joint-venturing and so on.

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What is The China-Africa Project?


The CAP is passionately independent, non-partisan and does not advocate for any country, company or culture.


A carefully curated selection of the day’s most important China-Africa stories. Updated 24 hours a day by human editors. No bots, no algorithms.


Diverse, often unconventional insights from scholars, analysts, journalist and a variety of stakeholders in the China-Africa discourse.


A unique professional network of China-Africa scholars, analysts, journalists and other practioners from around the world.