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Subsidies and the False Promise of Fair Trade

Gold digger Labison Phinde works at a plot he bought in Lumwira village, in central Malawi's Lilongwe district where a gold rush is taking place, on October 1, 2018. AMOS GUMULIRA / AFP

Towards the end of our discussion last week with Walter Ruigu, managing director of the Beijing-based trading and logistics company CAMAL Group, on the China in Africa Podcast, he shared a fascinating insight that reveals why African commodity producers are condemned to remain at the bottom of the global supply chain.

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