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Will Africa’s First Free Trade Agreement With China Actually Help Africa?

Mauritius Prime Minister Pravind Kumar Jugnauth (L) shakes hands with China's President Xi Jinping (R) during their bilateral meeting at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on September 2, 2018. Mauritius is the first African country to sign a free trade agreement with China. Nicolas ASFOURI / POOL / AFP

Famed for its natural beauty, surrounded by nothing but the Indian Ocean, tiny in size yet densely populated, understanding how Mauritius managed to become the most developed, diversified, and competitive economy in Africa is worth exploring.

Overall, Mauritius’s economic growth is largely due to the government’s sustained commitment to diversifying sources of growth beyond the exportation of sugar. Mauritius has developed thriving tourism, finance, ICT, and manufacturing industries by diversifying its trading partnerships and attracting Foreign Direct Investment.

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