China is steadily reducing its dependence on African oil suppliers who once accounted for a third of Chinese crude imports. Today, China buys more oil from Saudia Arabia than any other country in the world. From 2019 to 2020, Chinese oil buys from the Kingdom surged 47%. The Chinese are also buying more oil from Iraq and leveraging its close ties with the United Arab Emirates to establish sophisticated trading logistics hubs in Dubai as part of the Belt and Road Initiative.
And China’s presence in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf, and North Africa isn’t confined to just the commercial realm. Beijing is also rapidly expanding its diplomatic and security engagement in those regions. Now, some are beginning to wonder if China has hegemonic ambitions that will challenge incumbent powers like the United States.
Afshin Molavi doesn’t think so, at least not now. Molavi closely follows Middle East North Africa (MENA) politics as a senior fellow at the Johns Hopkins SAIS Foreign Policy Institute in Washington, D.C., and regularly travels to the region to meet with senior stakeholders. He joins Eric & Cobus to discuss his new paper, Enter The Dragon: China’s Growing Influence In The Middle East And North Africa and explains policymakers need a more refined view of China’s ambitions in MENA.
- The Hoover Institution: Enter The Dragon: China’s Growing Influence In The Middle East And North Africa by Afshin Molavi
- European Council on Foreign Relations: China’s great game in the Middle East by Camille Lons (project editor), Jonathan Fulton, Degang Sun and Naser Al-Tamimi
- The Financial Times: UAE caught between US and China as powers vie for influence in Gulf by Simeon Kerr
Afshin Molavi is a Senior Fellow at the Johns Hopkins SAIS Foreign Policy Institute, where he writes broadly on emerging markets, particularly on themes related to ‘The New Silk Road,’ South-South trade, global hub cities, new emerging market multinationals, global aviation, the geopolitics of energy, and the intersection of Middle East states and the global economy.
Molavi was also a Senior Research Fellow at the New America Foundation, a non-partisan think tank, and a former director of the World Economic Roundtable, an ambitious effort to re-map the global economy in the wake of the Great Recession. He is also the founder and editor of the New Silk Road Monitor, a site that examines the markets, societies, cultures and politics of countries across Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and beyond (from Bollywood to Bond Markets).
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